The farmers reached Azad Maidan in south Mumbai early on Monday
Nearly 50,000 farmers gathered in Mumbai today demanding loan waivers and higher crop prices despite Prime Minister Narendra Modi's promise to ensure a 50 percent return over production costs before the national election in 2019.
The farmers reached Mumbai after marching almost 200 kilometres (124 miles) for nearly a week from Nasik to protest outside the state assembly, according to Ashok Dhawale, president of the All India Kisan Sabha, which is leading the protest.
The city's police control room, however, said the assembled crowd numbered 10,000 to 12,000. Maharashtra is the country's second-biggest producer of cotton and sugar cane and third-biggest grower of pulses.
The protest is the latest challenge for PM Modi who promised to double farm incomes by 2022, sensing the agitation among farmers amid falling food prices and high debt levels. They are a key support base for political parties as 800 million of India's 1.3 billion population depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihood.
Bumper harvests, boosted by good rain in 2016 and 2017 after back-to-back droughts, have hurt their incomes due to a supply glut. "We want to draw the government's attention to our plight. Costs of farming have become unsustainable, said Kishore Tiwari, president of the Vidarbha Jan Andolan Samiti, one of the organizations taking part in the protest.
"It's no longer feasible to live in villages and sustain our families. The idea is to now sit before the seat of power and ask them to change their policies."
Farmers are demanding a broader debt waiver program after some of them failed to qualify for any financial relief under the Maharashtra government's initiative last year.
Other major demands include better prices for their crops, changes in a river-linking program in the state to ensure that tribal villages are not submerged, halting the acquisition of farmers' lands for the bullet train and the super highway projects and compensation for losses due to pest attacks and hailstorms.