India, Pakistan lag behind Bangladesh in hunger index

Kalerkantho Online   

12 October, 2017 15:21 PM

India, Pakistan lag behind Bangladesh in hunger index

A- A A+

Bangladesh ranks 88th of 119 countries in the 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI), moving two notches up from 90 last year.  

According to the 2017 GHI released on Thursday by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Bangladesh is still suffering from “alarming level of hunger” with the score 26.5.

However, the country made a notable progress than its next-door neighbours India and Pakistan in fighting hunger.

India has been placed at 100th in the index while Pakistan 106th. However, Bangladesh is ranked behind Nepal (72), Myanmar (77) and Sri Lanka (84).

The 2017 GHI combines four component indicators –undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting and child mortality — to count the scores, and rank countries on a 100-point scale in which zero is the best score (no hunger) and 100 the worst.

The 2017 GHI has been calculated for 119 countries for which data on the four component indicators are available and where measuring hunger is considered most relevant. 

GHI scores are not calculated for some higher-income countries where the prevalence of hunger is very low.

In the countries included in the GHI, the share of the population that is undernourished is down from 18.2 percent in 1999–2001 to 13.0 percent as of 2014–2016. 

Of children under five, 27.8 percent are stunted, down from the 2000 rate of 37.7 percent, and 9.5 percent are wasted, down slightly from 9.9 percent in 2000. Finally, the under-five mortality rate dropped from 8.2 percent in 2000 to 4.7 percent in 2015.

Despite these improvements, a number of factors, including deep and persistent inequalities, undermine efforts to end hunger and undernutrition worldwide. 

As a result, even as the average global hunger level has declined, certain regions of the world still struggle with hunger more than others, disadvantaged populations experience hunger more acutely than their better-off neighbors, and isolated and war-torn areas are ravaged by famine.

The 2017 GHI shows that seven countries suffer from levels of hunger that are alarming, and one country, the Central African Republic (CAR), suffers from a level that is extremely alarming. Seven of these eight countries are in Africa south of the Sahara: CAR, Chad, Liberia, Madagascar, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Zambia. 

The exception is Yemen, located at the tip of the Arabian Peninsula.