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Update: 9 November, 2019 17:45 PM
A glance into Indian SC's judgment on Babri Masjid

A glance into Indian SC's judgment on Babri Masjid

India's Supreme Court has ruled that the disputed holy site of Ayodhya should be given to Hindus who want a temple built there.

The case, bitterly contested by Hindus and Muslims for decades, centred on the ownership of the land.

Muslims will get another plot of land to construct a mosque, the court said.

A glance into Ram Janmabhumi Title Suit


  Background:

    • This is a domestic matter of India;

    • This is a legal issue relating to a Title Suit concerning ownership of land;

    • It is a historical and longstanding dispute;

    • Government of India is committed to ensuring our tradition of goodwill and harmony among all communities as well as our deep respect for safeguarding all places of worship; and

    • It is not precedent setting. This judgment will not lead to similar claims in other parts of the country and, will not, in any way infringe on the rights of our minority citizens. 

    • The Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991, passed by India’s Parliament, prohibits any change in the religious and denominational character of a place of worship as it existed on 15 August 1947 (our Independence). The Act solely excludes the existing disputed property in Ayodhya because it was already sub judice at that time. Hence, there is NO possibility of this Supreme Court Judgment relating to the land in Ayodhya becoming a legal precedent under the provisions of this Act. As such, the Judgement can NOT be used to seek or claim/re-claim other places of worship which may have been disputed.

II.  Main points of Supreme Court judgment on Babri Masjid – Ram Janmabhumi Title Suit:

    • It is a unanimous judgment by a 5-Member Bench (Chief Justice GOGOI, Justice BOBDE, Justice BHUSHAN, Justice NAZEER and Justice CHANDRACHUD);

    • Judgment is based on law and not on faith;

    • Judgment took into account archaeological evidence from the site, presented by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), which establishes that a pre-existing structure that was not Islamic underlies the disputed structure. The judgment ruled that ASI credentials are beyond doubt;

    • The property will be handed over to a Trust, formed by the Centre within three months, which will build the Temple; and

    • An alternate 5-acres land will be allotted to the SUNNI WAQF BOARD for construction of a Mosque in Ayodhya. 

III.  The Process 

    (i) The Judgment is culmination of a very long judicial process which began in 1950 (There are historical accounts by European travellers in the 17th and 18th centuries on the existence of the dispute. Probably, the first such reference to this dispute was made by William Finch, a British merchant who visited India between 1608 and 1611).

    (ii) Due process of law has been followed.

    (iii) In arriving at this decision, Supreme Court took into account multiple evidence:

    • Excavation of site by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

    • Historical records

    • Government records from British period 

    • Additional evidence and material by all claimants 

    (iv)  Constitution of India guarantees Right to Freedom of Religion in Article 25 (1)

    (v)  India has a strong independent judiciary 

    (vi)  Prominent voices in India including of All India Muslim Personal Law Board have appealed to citizens to respect the Judgment and maintain calm

    (vii) Prime Minister of India has appealed to all the citizens to respect the Judgment and strengthen India’s long tradition of amity, unity and harmony. 

সম্পাদক : ইমদাদুল হক মিলন,
নির্বাহী সম্পাদক : মোস্তফা কামাল,
ইস্ট ওয়েস্ট মিডিয়া গ্রুপ লিমিটেডের পক্ষে ময়নাল হোসেন চৌধুরী কর্তৃক প্লট-৩৭১/এ, ব্লক-ডি, বসুন্ধরা, বারিধারা থেকে প্রকাশিত এবং প্লট-সি/৫২, ব্লক-কে, বসুন্ধরা, খিলক্ষেত, বাড্ডা, ঢাকা-১২২৯ থেকে মুদ্রিত।
বার্তা ও সম্পাদকীয় বিভাগ : বসুন্ধরা আবাসিক এলাকা, প্লট-৩৭১/এ, ব্লক-ডি, বারিধারা, ঢাকা-১২২৯। পিএবিএক্স : ০২৮৪০২৩৭২-৭৫, ফ্যাক্স : ৮৪০২৩৬৮-৯, বিজ্ঞাপন ফোন : ৮১৫৮০১২, ৮৪০২০৪৮, বিজ্ঞাপন ফ্যাক্স : ৮১৫৮৮৬২, ৮৪০২০৪৭। E-mail : [email protected]